Play
Categories

Texas hold 'em

Texas hold 'em

 
  (Redirected from Texas Holdem)
Texas Hold 'em involves community cards available to all players (pictured here above).

Texas Hold 'em (also known as hold 'em or holdem) is a variation of the standard card game of poker. The game consists of two cards being dealt face down to each player and then five community cards being placed face-up by the dealer—a series of three ("the flop") then two additional single cards ("the turn" and "the river" or "fourth and fifth street" respectively), with players having the option to check, bet, raise or fold after each deal; i.e., betting may occur prior to the flop, "on the flop", "on the turn", and "on the river".

Texas Hold 'em is the "H" game featured in H.O.R.S.E and in H.O.S.E.

Contents

[hide]

[edit] Objective

In Texas hold 'em, as in all variants of poker, individuals compete for an amount of money or chips contributed by the players themselves (called the pot). Because the cards are dealt randomly and outside the control of the players, each player attempts to control the amount of money in the pot based either on the hand they are holding,[1] or on their prediction as to what their opponents may be holding.

The game is divided into a series of hands or deals; at the conclusion of each hand, the pot is typically awarded to one player (an exception in which the pot is divided between more than one is discussed below). A hand may end at the showdown, in which case the remaining players compare their hands and the highest hand is awarded the pot; that highest hand is usually held by only one player, but can be held by more in the case of a tie. The other possibility for the conclusion of a hand occurs when all but one player has folded and have thereby abandoned any claim to the pot, in which case the pot is awarded to the player who has not folded.[1]

The objective of winning players is not to win every individual hand, but rather to make mathematically and psychologically correct decisions regarding when and how much to bet, raise, call or fold. By making such decisions, winning poker players can maximize their expected gain on each round of betting, thereby increasing their long-term winnings.[1]

[edit] History

Johnny Moss, Chill Wills, Amarillo Slim, Jack Binion, and Puggy Pearson outside of Binion's Horseshoe in 1974

Although little is known about the invention of Texas hold 'em, the Texas State Legislature officially recognizes Robstown, Texas, United States as the game's birthplace, dating the game to the early 1900s.[2]

After its invention and spread throughout Texas, hold 'em was introduced to Las Vegas in 1967 by a group of Texan gamblers and card players, including Crandell Addington, Doyle Brunson, and Amarillo Slim.[3] Addington said the first time he saw the game was in 1959. "They didn't call it Texas hold 'em at the time, they just called it hold 'em.… I thought then that if it were to catch on, it would become the game. Draw poker, you bet only twice; hold 'em, you bet four times. That meant you could play strategically. This was more of a thinking man's game."[4]

For several years the Golden Nugget Casino in Downtown Las Vegas was the only casino in Las Vegas to offer the game. At that time, the Golden Nugget's poker room was "truly a 'sawdust joint,' with…oiled sawdust covering the floors."[5] Because of its location and decor, this poker room did not receive many rich drop-in clients, and as a result, professional players sought a more prominent location. In 1969, the Las Vegas professionals were invited to play Texas hold 'em at the entrance of the now-demolished Dunes Casino on the Las Vegas Strip. This prominent location, and the relative inexperience of poker players with Texas hold 'em, resulted in a very remunerative game for professional players.[5]

After a disappointing attempt to establish a "Gambling Fraternity Convention," Tom Moore added the first ever poker tournament to the Second Annual Gambling Fraternity Convention held in 1969. This tournament featured several games including Texas hold 'em. In 1970, Benny and Jack Binion acquired the rights to this convention, renamed it the World Series of Poker, and moved it to their casino, Binion's Horseshoe, in Las Vegas. After its first year, a journalist, Tom Thackrey, suggested that the main event of this tournament should be no-limit Texas hold 'em. The Binions agreed and ever since no-limit Texas hold 'em has been played as the main event.[5] Interest in the Main Event continued to grow steadily over the next two decades. After receiving only eight entrants in 1972, the numbers grew to over one hundred entrants in 1982, and over two hundred in 1991.[6][7][8]

During this time, B & G Publishing Co., Inc. published Doyle Brunson's revolutionary poker strategy guide, Super/System.[9] Despite being self-published and priced at $100 in 1978, the book revolutionized the way poker was played. It was one of the first books to discuss Texas hold 'em, and is today cited as one of the most important books on this game.[10] In 1983, Al Alvarez published The Biggest Game in Town, a book detailing a 1981 World Series of Poker event.[11] The first book of its kind, it described the world of professional poker players and the World Series of Poker. Alvarez's book is credited with beginning the genre of poker literature and with bringing Texas hold 'em (and poker generally) to a wider audience.[12]

Interest in hold 'em outside of Nevada began to grow in the 1980s as well. Although California had legal card rooms offering draw poker, Texas hold 'em was prohibited under a statute that made illegal the (now unheard of) game "stud-horse". But in 1988 Texas hold 'em was declared legally distinct from stud-horse in Tibbetts v. Van De Kamp, 271 Cal. Rptr. 792 (1990). Almost immediately card rooms across the state offered Texas hold 'em.[13] (It is often presumed that this decision ruled that hold 'em was a game of skill,[14] but the distinction between skill and chance has never entered into California jurisprudence regarding poker.[15]) After a trip to Las Vegas, bookmakers Terry Rogers and Liam Flood introduced the game to European card players in the early 1980s.[16]

[edit] Popularity

Texas Hold 'Em is one of the most popular forms of poker.[17][18] Texas Hold 'em's popularity surged in the 2000s due to exposure on television, the Internet and popular literature. During this time hold 'em replaced seven-card stud as the most common game in U.S. casinos.[19] The no-limit betting form is used in the widely televised main event of the World Series of Poker (WSOP) and the World Poker Tour (WPT).

Hold 'em's simplicity and popularity have inspired a wide variety of strategy books which provide recommendations for proper play. Most of these books recommend a strategy that involves playing relatively few hands but betting and raising often with the hands one plays.[20] In the first decade of the twenty-first century, Texas hold 'em experienced a surge in popularity worldwide.[19] Many observers attribute this growth to the synergy of five factors: the invention of online poker, the game's appearance in film and on television, the 2004–05 NHL lockout,[21] the appearance of television commercials advertising online cardrooms, and the 2003 World Series of Poker championship victory by online qualifier Chris Moneymaker.[22]

[edit] Television and film

Prior to poker becoming widely televised, the movie Rounders (1998), starring Matt Damon and Edward Norton, gave moviegoers a romantic view of the game as a way of life. Texas hold 'em was the main game played during the movie and the no-limit variety was described, following Doyle Brunson, as the "Cadillac of Poker." A clip of the classic showdown between Johnny Chan and Erik Seidel from the 1988 World Series of Poker was also incorporated into the film.[23] More recently, a high-stakes Texas Hold'em game was central to the plot of the 2006 James Bond film Casino Royale, in place of baccarat, which was originally the casino game central to the story in the novel from which the film was based.

Hold 'em tournaments had been televised since the late 1970s, but they did not become popular until 1999, when hidden lipstick cameras were first used to show players' private hole cards on the Late Night Poker TV show in the United Kingdom.[24] Hold 'em exploded in popularity as a spectator sport in the United States and Canada in early 2003, when the World Poker Tour adopted the lipstick cameras idea. A few months later, ESPN's coverage of the 2003 World Series of Poker featured the unexpected victory of Internet player Chris Moneymaker, an amateur player who gained admission to the tournament by winning a series of online tournaments. Moneymaker's victory initiated a sudden surge of interest in the World Series, based on the egalitarian idea that anyone—even a rank novice—can become a world champion.[25]

In 2003, there were 839 entrants in the WSOP Main Event,[26] and triple that number in 2004.[27] The crowning of the 2004 WSOP champion, Greg "Fossilman" Raymer, a patent attorney from Connecticut, further fueled the popularity of the event among amateur (and particularly Internet) players.[28] In the 2005 Main Event, an unprecedented 5,619 entrants vied for a first prize of $7,500,000. The winner, Joe Hachem of Australia, was a semi-professional player.[29] This growth continued in 2006, with 8,773 entrants and a first place prize of $12,000,000 (won by Jamie Gold).[30]

Beyond the World Series, other television shows—including the long running World Poker Tour—are credited with increasing the popularity of Texas hold 'em.[31] In addition to its presence on network and general audience cable television,[32] poker has now become a regular part of sports networks' programming in the United States.[33]

[edit] Literature

Twenty years after the publication of Alvarez's groundbreaking book, James McManus published a semi-autobiographical book, Positively Fifth Street (2003), which simultaneously describes the trial surrounding the murder of Ted Binion and McManus' own entry into the 2000 World Series of Poker.[34] McManus, a poker amateur, finished 5th in the No-Limit Texas Hold 'em main event, winning over $200,000.[35] In the book McManus discusses events surrounding the World Series, the trial of Sandy Murphy and Rick Tabish, poker strategy, and some history of poker and the world series.

Michael Craig's 2005 book The Professor, the Banker, and the Suicide King details a series of high stakes Texas hold 'em one-on-one games between Texas banker Andy Beal and a rotating group of poker professionals. As of 2006, these games were the highest stakes ever played, reaching $100,000–$200,000 fixed limit.[36]

[edit] Online poker

Poker revenues from Party Gaming (2002-2006). The drop off in 2006 is due to the UIGEA.

The ability to play cheaply and anonymously online has been credited as a cause of the increase in popularity of Texas hold 'em.[25] Online poker sites both allow people to try out games and also provide an avenue for entry into large tournaments (like the World Series of Poker) via smaller tournaments known as satellites. The 2003 and 2004 winners (Chris Moneymaker and Greg Raymer, respectively) of the World Series No Limit Holdem Main Event qualified by playing in these tournaments.[37][38]

Although online poker grew from its inception in 1998 until 2003, Moneymaker's win and the appearance of televisions advertisements in 2003 contributed to a tripling of industry revenues in 2004.[39][40]

[edit] Rules

The descriptions below assume a familiarity with the general game play of poker, and with poker hands. For a general introduction to these topics, see poker, poker hands, poker probability, and poker jargon.

[edit] Betting structures

See the article on betting for a detailed explanation of betting in these variations of hold 'em.
A standard hold 'em game showing the position of the blinds relative to the dealer button

Hold 'em is normally played using small and big blind bets – forced bets by two players. Antes (forced contributions by all players) may be used in addition to blinds, particularly in later stages of tournament play. A dealer button is used to represent the player in the dealer position; the dealer button rotates clockwise after each hand, changing the position of the dealer and blinds. The small blind is posted by the player to the left of the dealer and is usually equal to half of the big blind. The big blind, posted by the player to the left of the small blind, is equal to the minimum bet. In tournament poker, the blind/ante structure periodically increases as the tournament progresses. (In some cases, the small blind is some other fraction of a small bet; e.g., $10 is a common small blind when the big blind is $15, and still other tables may use two equal blinds. The double-blind structure described above is a commonly used and more recent adoption.)

When only two players remain, special 'head-to-head' or 'heads up' rules are enforced and the blinds are posted differently. In this case, the person with the dealer button posts the small blind, while his/her opponent places the big blind. The dealer acts first before the flop. After the flop, the dealer acts last and continues to do so for the remainder of the hand.

The three most common variations of hold 'em are limit hold 'em, no-limit hold 'em and pot-limit hold 'em. Limit hold 'em has historically been the most popular form of hold 'em found in casino live action games in the United States.[19] In limit hold 'em, bets and raises during the first two rounds of betting (pre-flop and flop) must be equal to the big blind; this amount is called the small bet. In the next two rounds of betting (turn and river), bets and raises must be equal to twice the big blind; this amount is called the big bet. No-limit hold 'em is the form most commonly found in televised tournament poker and is the game played in the main event of the World Series of Poker. In no-limit hold 'em, players may bet or raise any amount over the minimum raise up to all of the chips the player has at the table (called an all-in bet). The minimum raise is equal to the size of the previous bet or raise. If someone wishes to re-raise, they must raise at least the amount of the previous raise. For example, if the big blind is $2 and there is a raise of $6 to a total of $8, a re-raise must be at least $6 more for a total of $14. If a raise or re-raise is all-in and does not equal the size of the previous raise, the initial raiser cannot re-raise again. This only matters of course if there were a call before the re-raise. In pot-limit hold 'em, the maximum raise is the current size of the pot (including the amount needed to call).

Most casinos that offer hold 'em also allow the player to the left of the big blind to post an optional live straddle, usually double the amount of the big blind, which then acts as the big blind. No-limit games may also allow multiple re-straddles, in any amount that would be a legal raise.[9]

[edit] Play of the hand

Each player is dealt two private cards in hold 'em, which are dealt first.

Play begins with each player being dealt two cards face down, with the player in the small blind receiving the first card and the player in the button seat receiving the last card dealt. (As in most poker games, the deck is a standard 52-card deck containing no jokers.) These cards are the player's hole or pocket cards. These are the only cards each player will receive individually, and they will only (possibly) be revealed at the showdown, making Texas hold 'em a closed poker game.

The hand begins with a "pre-flop" betting round, beginning with the player to the left of the big blind (or the player to the left of the dealer, if no blinds are used) and continuing clockwise. A round of betting continues until every player has folded, put in all of their chips, or matched the amount put in by all other active players. See betting for a detailed account. Note that the blinds are considered "live" in the pre-flop betting round, meaning that they are counted toward the amount that the blind player must contribute. If all players call around to the player in the big blind position, that player may either check or raise.

After the pre-flop betting round, assuming there remain at least two players taking part in the hand, the dealer deals a flop, three face-up community cards. The flop is followed by a second betting round. This and all subsequent betting rounds begin with the player to the dealer's left and continue clockwise.

After the flop betting round ends, a single community card (called the turn or fourth street) is dealt, followed by a third betting round. A final single community card (called the river or fifth street) is then dealt, followed by a fourth betting round and the showdown, if necessary.

In all casinos, the dealer will burn a card before the flop, turn, and river. Because of this burn, players who are betting cannot see the back of the next community card to come. This is done for historical/traditional reasons, to avoid any possibility of a player knowing in advance the next card to be dealt due to it being marked.[9]

[edit] The showdown

If a player bets and all other players fold, then the remaining player is awarded the pot and is not required to show his hole cards. If two or more players remain after the final betting round, a showdown occurs. On the showdown, each player plays the best poker hand they can make from the seven cards comprising his two hole cards and the five community cards. A player may use both of his own two hole cards, only one, or none at all, to form his final five-card hand. If the five community cards form the player's best hand, then the player is said to be playing the board and can only hope to split the pot, because each other player can also use the same five cards to construct the same hand.[9]

If the best hand is shared by more than one player, then the pot is split equally among them, with any extra chips going to the first players after the button in clockwise order. It is common for players to have closely-valued, but not identically ranked hands. Nevertheless, one must be careful in determining the best hand; if the hand involves fewer than five cards, (such as two pair or three of a kind), then kickers are used to settle ties (see the second example below). Note that the card's numerical rank is of sole importance; suit values are irrelevant in Hold'em. The last player to bet is the first player to show their hand.

[edit] Misdeal

If the first card dealt is exposed, then this is considered a misdeal. The dealer then retrieves the card, reshuffles the deck, and again cuts the cards. However, if any other hole card is exposed due to a dealer error, the deal continues as usual. After completing the deal, the dealer replaces the exposed card with the top card on the deck, and the exposed card is then used as the burn card. If more than one hole card is exposed, a misdeal is declared by the dealer and the hand is dealt again from the beginning.[41]

[edit] Examples

[edit] Sample showdown

Here's a sample showdown:

Board
4 of clubsKing of spades4 of hearts8 of spades7 of spades
Bob
  Ace of clubs4 of diamonds  
Carol
  Ace of spades9 of spades  
Ted
  King of heartsKing of diamonds  
Alice
  5 of diamonds6 of diamonds  

Each player plays the best 5-card hand they can make with the seven cards available. They have

Bob 4 of clubs4 of hearts4 of diamondsAce of clubsKing of spades Three fours, with ace, king kickers
Carol Ace of spadesKing of spades9 of spades8 of spades7 of spades Ace-high flush
Ted King of spadesKing of heartsKing of diamonds4 of clubs4 of hearts Full house, kings full of fours
Alice 8 of spades7 of spades6 of diamonds5 of diamonds4 of hearts 8-high straight

In this case, Ted's Full House is the best hand, with Carol in 2nd, Alice in 3rd and Bob last.

[edit] Sample hand

The blinds for this example hand

Here is a sample game involving four players. The players' individual hands will not be revealed until the showdown, to give a better sense of what happens during play:

Compulsory bets: Alice is the dealer. Bob, to Alice's left, posts a small blind of $1, and Carol posts a big blind of $2.

Pre-flop: Alice deals two hole cards face down to each player, beginning with Bob and ending with herself. Ted must act first because he is the first player after the big blind. He cannot check, because the $2 big blind plays as a bet, so he folds. Alice calls the $2. Bob adds an additional $1 to his $1 small blind to call the $2 total. Carol's blind is "live" (see blind), so she has the option to raise here, but she checks instead, ending the first betting round. The pot now contains $6, $2 from each of three players.

Flop: Alice now burns a card and deals the flop of three face-up community cards, 9♣ K♣ 3♥. On this round, as on all subsequent rounds, the player on the dealer's left begins the betting. In this case it is Bob, who checks. Carol opens for $2, Ted has already folded and Alice raises another $2 (puts in $4, $2 to match Carol and $2 to raise), making the total bet now facing Bob $4. He calls (puts in $4, $2 to match Carol's initial bet and $2 to match Alice's raise). Carol calls as well, putting in her $2. The pot now contains $18, $6 from the last round and $12 from three players this round.

Turn: Alice now burns another card and deals the turn card face up. It is the 5♠. Bob checks, Carol checks, and Alice checks; the turn has been checked around. The pot still contains $18.

River: Alice burns another card and deals the final river card, the 9♦, making the final board 9♣ K♣ 3♥ 5♠ 9♦. Bob bets $4, Carol calls, and Alice folds (Alice's holding was A♣ 7♣; she was hoping the river card would be a club to make her hand a flush).

Showdown: Bob shows his hand of Q♠ 9♥, so the best five-card hand he can make is 9♣ 9♦ 9♥ K♣ Q♠, for three nines, with a king-queen kicker. Carol shows her cards of K♠ J♥, making her final hand K♣ K♠ 9♣ 9♦ J♥ for two pair, kings and nines, with a jack kicker. Bob wins the showdown and the $26 pot.

[edit] Kickers and ties

Because of the presence of community cards in Texas hold 'em, different players' hands can often run very close in value. As a result, it is common for kickers to be used to determine the winning hand and also for two hands (or maybe more) to tie. A kicker is a card which is part of the five-card poker hand, but is not used in determining a hand's rank. For instance, in the hand A-A-A-K-Q, the king and queen are kickers.

The following situation illustrates the importance of breaking ties with kickers and card ranks, as well as the use of the five-card rule. After the turn, the board and players' hole cards are as follows.

Board (after the turn)
8 of spadesQueen of clubs8 of hearts4 of clubs
Bob
King of heartsQueen of spades
Carol
Queen of hearts10 of diamonds

At the moment, Bob is in the lead with a hand of Q♠ Q♣ 8♠ 8♥ K♥, making two pair, queens and eights, with a king kicker. This beats Carol's hand of Q♥ Q♣ 8♠ 8♥ 10♦ by virtue of his king kicker.

Suppose the final card were the A♠, making the final board 8♠ Q♣ 8♥ 4♣ A♠. Bob and Carol still each have two pair (queens and eights), but both of them are now entitled to play the final ace as their fifth card, making their hands both two pair, queens and eights, with an ace kicker. Bob's king no longer plays, because the ace on the board plays as the fifth card in both hands, and a hand is only composed of the best five cards. They therefore tie and split the pot. However, had the last card been a jack or lower (except an eight or a queen which would make a full house, or a ten which would give Carol a higher second pair), Bob's king would have stayed in game and he would have won.

[edit] Strategy

Most poker authors recommend a tight-aggressive approach to playing Texas hold 'em. This strategy involves playing relatively few hands (tight), but betting and raising often with those that one does play (aggressive).[20] Although this strategy is often recommended, some professional players successfully employ other strategies as well.[20]

Almost all authors agree that where a player sits in the order of play (known as position) is an important element of Texas hold 'em strategy, particularly in no-limit hold'em.[1] Players who act later have more information than players who act earlier. As a result, players typically play fewer hands from early positions than later positions.

Because of the game's level of complexity, it has received some attention from academics. One attempt to develop a quantitative model of a Texas hold'em tournament as an isolated complex system has had some success,[42] although the full consequences for optimal strategies remain to be explored. In addition, groups at the University of Alberta and Carnegie Mellon University are developing poker playing programs utilizing techniques in game theory and artificial intelligence.[43][44]

[edit] Starting hands

A pair of aces is statistically the best hand to be dealt in Texas Hold'em Poker

Because there are only two cards dealt to each player, it is easy to characterize all of the starting hands. There are 52 × 51 ÷ 2 = 1,326 distinct possible combinations of two cards from a standard 52-card deck. Because no suit is more powerful than another, many of these can be equated for the analysis of starting-hand strategy. For example, although J♥ J♣ and J♦ J♠ are distinct combinations of cards, they are of equal value as starting hands.

Due to this, there are only 169 different hole-card combinations. Thirteen of those combinations are pairs, from deuces to aces. There are 78 ways to have two cards of different rank (12 possible hands containing an ace, 11 possible hands containing a king and no ace, 10 possible hands containing a queen and no ace or king, etc.). Hole cards can both be used in a flush if they are suited, but pairs are never suited, so there would be 13 possible pairs, 78 possible suited non-pairs, and 78 possible unsuited ("off-suit") non-pairs, for a total of 169 possible hands.[45] Suited starting cards are stronger than their unsuited counterparts, although the magnitude of this strength difference in different games is debated.[46]

Because of this limited number of starting hands, most strategy guides involve a detailed discussion of each of these 169 starting hands. This separates hold 'em from other poker games where the number of starting card combinations forces strategy guides to group hands into broad categories. Another result of this small number is the proliferation of colloquial names for individual hands.[47]

[edit] Strategic differences in betting structures

Texas Hold'em is commonly played both as a "cash" or "ring" game and as a tournament game. Strategy for these different forms can vary.

[edit] Cash games

Prior to the invention of poker tournaments, all poker games were played with real money where players bet actual currency (or chips which represented currency). Games which feature wagering actual money on individual hands are still very common and are referred to as "cash games" or "ring games".

The no-limit and fixed-limit cash game versions of hold 'em are strategically very different. Doyle Brunson claims that "the games are so different that there are not many players who rank with the best in both types of hold 'em. Many no-limit players have difficulty gearing down for limit, while limit players often lack the courage and 'feel' necessary to excel at no-limit."[9] Because the size of bets is restricted in limit games, the ability to bluff is somewhat curtailed. Because one is not (usually) risking all of one's chips in limit poker, players are sometimes advised to take more chances.[9]

Lower stakes games also exhibit different properties than higher stakes games. Small stakes games often involve more players in each hand and can vary from extremely passive (little raising and betting) to extremely aggressive (many raises). The difference of small stakes games have resulted in several books dedicated to only those games.[48]

[edit] Tournaments

Texas hold 'em is often associated with poker tournaments largely because it is played as the main event in many of the famous tournaments, including the World Series of Poker's Main Event, and is the most common tournament overall.[49] Traditionally, a poker tournament is played with chips that represent a player's stake in the tournament. Standard play allows all entrants to "buy-in" for a fixed amount and all players begin with an equal value of chips. Play proceeds until one player has accumulated all the chips in play or a deal is made among the remaining players to "chop" the remaining prize pool. The money pool is redistributed to the players in relation to the place they finished in the tournament. Only a small percentage of the players receive any money, with the majority receiving nothing. "The percentages are not standardized, but common rules of thumb call for one table" (usually nine players) "to get paid for each 100 entrants," according to poker author Andrew N. S. Glazer, in his book, The Complete Idiot's Guide to Poker.[50] A good rule of thumb is that close to 10% of players will be paid in a tournament. As a result the strategy in poker tournaments can be very different from a cash game.[citation needed]

Proper strategy in tournaments can vary widely depending on the amount of chips one has, the stage of the tournament, the amount of chips others have, and the playing styles of one's opponents.[20] Although some authors still recommend a tight playing style, others recommend looser play (playing more hands) in tournaments than one would otherwise play in cash games. In tournaments the blinds and antes increase regularly, and can become much larger near the end of the tournament. This can force players to play hands that they would not normally play when the blinds were small, which can warrant both more loose and more aggressive play.[51]

[edit] Evaluating your hand

One of the most important things in Texas hold'em is knowing how to evaluate a hand. The strategy of playing each hand can be very different according to the strength of the hand, for example on a strong hand a player might want to try to appear weak in order not to scare off other players with weaker hands and on a weak hand a player might try to bluff other players into folding. There are several ways to evaluate hand strength, two of the most common are counting outs and using calculators.

  • Counting outs - this method consists of counting the cards still in the deck, which in combination with the cards the player already has can give the player a potentially winning hand.

Such cards are called "outs", and hand strength can be measured by how many outs are still in the deck (if there are many outs then the probability to get one of them is high and therefore the hand is strong). The following chart determines the probability of hitting outs (bettering the player's hand) based on how many cards are left in the deck and the draw type. Note that a higher number of outs directly corresponds to a high win percentage.

Outs One Card % Two Card % One Card Odds Two Card Odds Draw Type
1 2% 4% 46 23 Backdoor Straight or Flush (Requires two cards)
2 4% 8% 22 12 Pocket Pair to Set
3 7% 13% 14 7 One Overcard
4 9% 17% 10 5 Inside Straight / Two Pair to Full House
5 11% 20% 8 4 One Pair to Two Pair or Set
6 13% 24% 6.7 3.2 No Pair to Pair / Two Overcards
7 15% 28% 5.6 2.6 Set to Full House or Quads
8 17% 32% 4.7 2.2 Open Straight
9 19% 35% 4.1 1.9 Flush
10 22% 38% 3.6 1.6 Inside Straight & Two Overcards
11 24% 42% 3.2 1.4 Open Straight & One Overcard
12 26% 45% 2.8 1.2 Flush & Inside Straight / Flush & One Overcard
13 28% 48% 2.5 1.1  
14 30% 51% 2.3 0.95  
15 33% 54% 2.1 0.85 Flush & Open Straight / Flush & Two Overcards
16 34% 57% 1.9 0.75  
17 37% 60% 1.7 0.66  

[52]

  • Two Times Rule and Four Times Rule: Multiplying the number of outs by two or four gives a reasonable approximation to the One Card % or Two Card %, respectively, in the above table.[53]
  • Calculators: calculators are poker tools that calculate the odds of your hand (combined with the cards on the table if there are any) to win the game. Calculators provide precise odds but they can't be used in live games and are therefore mostly used on Internet poker games.

[edit] Similar games

There are several other poker variants which resemble Texas hold 'em. Hold 'em is a member of a class of poker games known as community card games, where some cards are available for use by all the players. There are several other games that use five community cards in addition to some private cards and are thus similar to Texas hold 'em. Royal hold 'em has the same structure as Texas hold 'em, but the deck contains only Aces, Kings, Queens, Jacks, and Tens.[54] Pineapple and Omaha hold 'em both vary the number of cards an individual receives before the flop (along with the rules regarding how they may be used to form a hand), but are dealt identically afterward.[55][56] In Double Texas Hold'em, each player receives 3 hole cards and establishes a middle common card that plays with each of the other cards, but the outer cards don’t play with each other (each player has two 2-card hands).[57][58][59] Alternatively, in Double-board hold'em all players receive the same number of private cards, but there are two sets of community cards. The winner is either selected for each individual board with each receiving half of the pot, or the best overall hand takes the entire pot, depending on the rules agreed upon by the players.[60]

Manila is a hold'em variant popular in Australia. In Manila, players receive two private cards from a reduced deck (containing no cards lower than 7). A five card board is dealt, unlike Texas hold 'em, one card at a time; there is a betting round after each card. Manila has several variations of its own, similar to the variants listed above.[61]

[edit] See also

[edit] References

  1. ^ a b c d Sklansky, David (2005). The Theory of Poker (Fourth ed.). Las Vegas: Two plus two.
  2. ^ Texas State Legislature - House (May 11, 2007). "80(R) HCR 109". House Resolution. Retrieved 12 May 2007.
  3. ^ Brunson, Doyle (2005). Doyle Brunson's Super System II. Cardoza.
  4. ^ Ghosts at the Table by Des Wilson - Page 119–122
  5. ^ a b c Addington, Crandell (2005). "The History of No-Limit Texas Hold'em". In Doyle Brunson. Super/System 2. New York: Cardoza Publishing. pp. 75–84. ISBN 1-58042-136-9.
  6. ^ "3rd World Series of Poker (WSOP) 1972". The Hendon Mob Poker Database. Retrieved 14 May 2007.
  7. ^ "13th World Series of Poker (WSOP) 1982". The Hendon Mob Poker Database. Retrieved 14 May 2007.
  8. ^ "22nd World Series of Poker (WSOP) 1991". The Hendon Mob Poker Database. Retrieved 14 May 2007.
  9. ^ a b c d e f Brunson, Doyle (1978). Super/System: A course in power poker. B&G Publishing Company., emphasis in original
  10. ^ Blount, Chuck (25 May 2006). "ON POKER; Brunson's first book shed light on poker's secrets". San Antonio Express-News.
  11. ^ Alvarez, Al (1983). The Biggest Game in Town. Houghton Mifflin. ISBN 978-0395339640.
  12. ^ Christenson, Nick. "Biggest Game in Town Reviewed". Ready Bet Go!. Retrieved 8 January 2007.
  13. ^ Singsen, Michael Pierce (1988). "Where Will the Buck Stop on California Penal Code 330? Solving the Stud-Horse Conundrum". Hastings Communications and Entertainment Law Journal 11: 95–148.
  14. ^ See, e.g., Junker, Matthew (December 8 2004). "Legal questions surround Texas hold 'em". Tribune-Review Publishing Co.. Retrieved 13 September 2007.
  15. ^ Humphrey, Chuck. "California Lottery v. Gambling". Gambling-law-US.com. Retrieved 13 May 2007.
  16. ^ McCloskey, Mick (June 22, 2005). "Poker in Ireland a Little History". Retrieved May 19, 2006.
  17. ^ PokerStars.com: Texas Holdem Poker
  18. ^ PokerPages.com: The History of Texas Hold'em
  19. ^ a b c Clark, Bryan (September 2006). "The Dying Days of Las Vegas 1-5 Stud". Two Plus Two Internet Magazine. Two Plus Two Publishing. Archived from the original on 23 November 2006. Retrieved October 4, 2006.
  20. ^ a b c d Harrington, Dan and Bill Robertie (2004). Harrington on Hold'em: Expert Strategy For No-Limit Tournaments; Volume I: Strategic Play. Two Plus Two Publications. ISBN 1-880685-33-7.
  21. ^ Van Harten, Peter (7 November 2006). "Televised poker filled hockey void: Mac prof" (PDF). Hamilton Spectator. Retrieved 25 October 2007.
  22. ^ Chechitelli, John. "World Series of Poker, A Young Man's Affair?". All In Magazine. All In. Archived from the original on 5 August 2007. Retrieved 25 June 2007.
  23. ^ "Rounders (1998)". IMDb. Retrieved October 27, 2006.
  24. ^ "Late Night Poker: About the Show". Channel 4. Retrieved October 27, 2006.
  25. ^ a b Krieger, Lou (July 30 2004). "How Big Can the World Series of Poker Become?". Card Player Magazine 17 (16): 36–38.
  26. ^ "$10,000 World Championship Event". Hendon Mob. Retrieved October 27, 2006.
  27. ^ "$10,000 World Championship Event". Hendon Mob. Retrieved October 27, 2006.
  28. ^ "Greg Raymer". Poker Stars. Retrieved October 27, 2006.
  29. ^ "$10,000 No Limit Texas Hold'em: World Championship Event". Hendon Mob. Retrieved October 27, 2006.
  30. ^ "$10,000 No Limit Texas Hold'em: World Championship Event". Hendon Mob. Retrieved October 27, 2006.
  31. ^ Stutz, Howard (July 20 2006). "WPT hit with lawsuit". Knight-Ridder Tribune Business News: Lexis–Nexis.
  32. ^ Examples of poker on general audience television include Poker After Dark (NBC), High Stakes Poker (GSN), and the aforementioned World Poker Tour (formerly The Travel Channel, now GSN)
  33. ^ Lewis, Christian (September 5 2006). "FSN Bulks Up on Bowls". Multichannel News: 24.
  34. ^ McManus, James (2003). Positively Fifth Street: Murderers, Cheetahs and Binion's World Series. Farrar, Straus and Giroux. ISBN 978-0374236489.
  35. ^ "James McManus: Hendon Mob Poker Database". The Hendon Mob Poker Database. Retrieved 8 January 2007.
  36. ^ Craig, Michael (2005). The Professor, the Banker, and the Suicide King: Inside the Richest Poker Game of All Time. Warner Books. ISBN 978-0446577694.
  37. ^ Kaplan, Michael (2006). "People Profile - Greg Raymer". Cigar Aficionado. Retrieved 8 January 2007.
  38. ^ Moneymaker, Chris. "Chris Moneymaker Poker Biography". ChrisMoneymaker.com. Archived from the original on 6 January 2007. Retrieved 8 January 2007.
  39. ^ Cook, Steve (January 12, 2005). "Punters warm to online poker". The Register. Retrieved 5 January 2007.
  40. ^ "Poker History: Online Poker". PokerTips. Retrieved October 27, 2006.
  41. ^ "Texas Hold'em Rules". WorldSeriesOfPoker.com. Retrieved 16 August 2009.
  42. ^ Christopher Mims (2007). "Physicist Unlocks Secrets of Texas Hold 'Em". Science News. Scientific American, Inc. Retrieved 8 April 2007.
  43. ^ A list of publication from this group can be found at [1].
  44. ^ "Carnegie Mellon Computer Poker Program Sets Its Own Texas Hold'Em Strategy". Carnegie Mellon University, Media Relations. 6 July 2006. Retrieved 24 May 2008.
  45. ^ Alspach, Brian (2005). "Counting starting poker hands" (pdf). Retrieved May 19, 2006.
  46. ^ Cloutier, T.J. and Tom McEvoy (1997). Championship No-Limit & Pot-Limit Hold'em. Cardoza. ISBN 1-58042-127-X.
  47. ^ Bochan, Toby. "Slang for Poker Hands". About.com. Retrieved 16 July 2007.
  48. ^ Miller, Sklansky, and Malmuth op cit. and Jones, Lee (1994). Winning Low-Limit Hold-em. Conjelco. ISBN 1-886070-15-6.
  49. ^ Gregorich, Mark (April 27, 2005). "The Future of Tournaments". Card Player Magazine 18c (8c): 26, 110.
  50. ^ . Glazer, Andrew N.S. (2004). The Complete Idiot's Guide to Poker (First ed.). Indianapolis, Indiana: Alpha.
  51. ^ Sexton, Mike (February 5, 2005). "Tournament Tips". Card Player Magazine 18c (3c): 18.
  52. ^ Odds Chart. "How to play texas holdem poker". Howtoplaytexasholdempoker.org. Retrieved 22 February 2010.[dead link]
  53. ^ Flynn. Professional No-Limit Hold 'em: Volume I.
  54. ^ "Royal Hold'em - Poker Rules Variant". Pokertips.org. Retrieved 8 January 2007.
  55. ^ "Pineapple - Poker Rules Variant". Pokertips.org. Retrieved 8 January 2007.
  56. ^ Arneson, Erik. "Omaha Hold 'Em Poker Rules". About.com. Retrieved 8 January 2007.
  57. ^ "Double Hold’em – Basic Tips". PokerNewsDaily.com. Retrieved 15 October 2010.
  58. ^ "PartyPoker Introduces Double Hold'em". PokerStrategy.com. Retrieved 20 September 2010.
  59. ^ "Online Strategy Guide (YouTube video)". Poker Strategy. Retrieved 29 September 2010.
  60. ^ "Double Flop Holdem Rules". Pokernews.com. Retrieved 8 January 2007.
  61. ^ Honest Casinos. "Manila Poker". Pokerpistols.com. Retrieved 8 January 2007.
Author:Bling King
Published:Sep 25th 2011
Modified:Jan 10th 2012
Please Sign In to Add a Comment
or

 

 

Add Member

Add video

Add a Chat Room

Add Photos

Add Website Link

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Alcatraz

In Room: 0
The prison
 

 

 

 

California

In Room: 0
Welcome
 

CONCERT

In Room: 0
This is the video room for all online live concerts
 

Darrell on camera

In Room: 1
video messanger with Darrell here.
 

General Chat

In Room: 0
 

Gillian Howards

In Room: 0
A place to chat with me.
 

Grand Canyon

In Room: 0
Thee Grand Canyon
 

Ground Zero, New York City

Harvard University

In Room: 0
 

Jamie Perrins

In Room: 0
This is a place to talk with me.
 

Jessica Mott

In Room: 0
Talk to me here.
 
Categories

Voting Poll
:
 
 
 
Today's Traffic

Visits: 112372

Hits: 153739

Yesterday

Visits: 79932

Hits: 93636

Total Traffic

Visits: 253692

Hits: 273696

 

 

Click Here To Buy A Million Secondlife  Avatar Names With UUID Keys List

How to post a website

To post a website to Ning Spruz add this line of code:

 

<p style="text-align: center;"><iframe frameborder="0" height="2000" scrolling="yes" src="https://useme.org/" width="1273"></iframe></p>

 

to the Youtube embed box and change the URL.

 

 

 

:

 

 

:

 

Image result for banner ad

Image result for banner ad                                        Image result for banner adImage result for banner ad                                 Image result for banner ad

:

 

Make money online

 

   

 

 

upton house
Added by Bling King
Aug 7th 2013
Muhammad Ali
Added by Bling King
Feb 13th 2013
All dressed up
Added by katie
Sep 25th 2012
Added by Bache
Oct 25th 2012
Thats me
Added by katie
Aug 2nd 2012
obama
Added by Bling King
Aug 16th 2012
Greatthorn
Added by ednace
Apr 9th 2013
Be my valentine
Added by Bling King
Feb 14th 2013
modeling 4
Added by katie
Oct 21st 2012
Can you handle it
Added by Bling King
Sep 24th 2012
Makk
Added by Makk
Aug 26th 2013
fight club
Added by Bling King
Jul 23rd 2014
Apr 25th 2013
good times!
Added by katie
Oct 30th 2012
Added by Bling King
Aug 24th 2012
womans boxing
Added by Bling King
Oct 10th 2012
Vintage Car 2
Added by Bling King
Feb 21st 2013
iphone 5
Added by Bling King
Mar 1st 2012
Added by Bling King
Feb 9th 2013
THATS ME!
Added by katie
Aug 11th 2012
I\'m hott!
Added by Kelly Esquire
Sep 27th 2012
The ships captain
Added by katie
Oct 8th 2012
Added by Gregg
Feb 5th 2013
hmmm...
Added by katie
Sep 27th 2012
elmo boobs
Added by Bling King
Mar 6th 2013
Patriots
Added by Becky
Feb 13th 2013
Added by Doug
Mar 8th 2013
thank you
Added by katie
Oct 24th 2012
My Car - Hyundai 2104 Accent GS Hatchback-Gas Mileage
Added by Bling King
Feb 7th 2013
Red Door
Added by Bling King
Apr 27th 2014
Myra
Added by khingster
Apr 6th 2012
electric guitar
Added by Bling King
Feb 21st 2013
Added by eddie
Jan 3rd 2014
Added by sweetunclejim
Jul 12th 2013
wessman 4
Added by Donny Wessman
Jun 29th 2013
modeling 5
Added by katie
Oct 21st 2012
Camelia
May 1st 2013
be my friend\'s!
Added by katie
Oct 27th 2012
what a beauty
Added by katie
Oct 30th 2012
Added by katie
Oct 9th 2012
Added by katie
Oct 9th 2012
Birds of no feathers
Added by Dp2002
Oct 2nd 2012
wonder woman 2
Added by Bling King
Mar 8th 2013
:P
Jan 13th 2014
sexy!
Added by katie
Oct 18th 2012
what do you think?
Added by Bling King
Sep 24th 2012
modeling 3
Added by katie
Oct 21st 2012
1985 Shamrock Boxing Club, DTES Vancouver Asylum
Added by Bling King
Apr 27th 2014
:
Free from time constraints
Posted by Bling King

    There was a time when time did not matter. The thing that was an utmost relevance now was of no matter. The difrence it made seemed miniscule an now it is constantly dictating everything that takes place before me. What is this thing that controls and makes everything manifest itself to its constraints and why and how does it do this. Time is nothing but the utmost miracle before us. Something that has always had to exist for anything ever to take place. There is no changing its course there is no variance in its absolute everlasting existance. To control time would be the utmost  crown jewel of all accomplishments if indeed it could ever be controlled. The only way I ever see time being manipulated to change its values is to speed up everything that time has interacted with. In order to do such a thing you would have to understand the nature of the objects in question and how they are effected by time. For instance a speeding car will slow down in time without constant force being distrubuted by the engine. To slow down the car one only has to take their foot off the accelarator and gradually time will do the rest but if you could freeze time at the speed at which the car was traveling then time would not  exist because the car would be traveling at a constant pace with time. At what speed time travels i'm not sure but it...Read More

Android/iOS Company in Auckland
Posted by kliff Technologies01

 

 

                                       

Android/iOS App Development Company Auckland is a well-renowned android/iOS app development company from New Zealand, providing Android/iOS app solutions to companies in various sectors across European, North American and middle eastern countries . Kliff Technologies Company specializes in providing top-notch android app development solutions with all-immersive user experience and stable but robust functionalities. Android/iOS App Development Agency New Zealand has served projects in sectors such as Education, hospitality, banking, gaming, real estate, and many others. We are also proud to announce that we have a client retention ratio of which establishes the fact that our process is oriented towards making not only our client but customers of our client also happy.

Android/iOS app development company Northland has soared great heights owing to its highly skilled team and tremendously effective app development processes. The company has built a pool of highly skilled android/iOS app developer and designers, with a tremendous portfolio of work. Android/iOS app development Services New Zealand is soaring new heights of success.

Offerings

Mobile App

Mobile Apps are one of the strongest offerings of Android/iOS App Development Company Bay of Plenty . We have made Android/iOS apps on-demand services, bank loan comparisons, attendance management and many more. Our process for making Android/iOS mobile applications is unique and highly robust. Kliff Technologies provide...Read More

the truth about time
Posted by Bling King

     I have looked at time many times and i have noticed a few components. There is a precise propnent that ushers in a manifestation. whenever something new is going to happen you can look at that event which is about to take place and precisely predict exactly when it has started. Once you realize a manifestation has taken place you can precisely predict its out come. IIf you know that a manifestation has started to take place then you will know you are being guided through the realm precisely by the forces of an enlightenment. Throughout time this manifestation will remain constant starting with a beginning and an end and ending in a preconcieved enlightenment. sometimes an enlightenment can take weeks and some times an enlightenment can take centuries. It depends on how mnay times that enlightenment has been benounced to the realm. 

today was a a day of candid candice
Posted by Bling King

    I looked upon myself with great enthiusasm. It was the beginning of the end. today was a day of  importance because something somehow was going to happen that was going to change everything or so i thought but it hasn't happened yet. I am still waiting. when the enlightenment happens there will be a coming of the lord and everyone will see who i am. That will be the beginning of the end and a whole nother life for me. A new start being someone i have never been before all i can do now is wait.

nothing
Posted by Bling King
I suspect a suffcient of sufficence of suffiacantel suffiance of suffiance of absurdity of absurdanace. In all actual actuality there is an  actual actuality of actualityness in retrospect to the retorospective respect in which every person who has an inteelctual intellect can see  that the world is a prominance of prominance in which the order will reside as long as the order is maintained. Once that order is reliquished  chaos will ensue. For chaos to be a calamity there only needs to be a perspectual perspective of perspectance that escalates the chaos to that  height. What would cause that is a person or persons in the realm of the realmatical realmatics looking beyond thier own existance to the  existance of there forfathers to see what has become of thier existance. If you look at your own existance for what it is you will see that it  is neither logical or illogical for it makes all the sense of a sensimatical sensematic. As long as you have a reason for your own existance  then it is fruitful for you to exist. Once that reason or reasons are gone you will no longer care whether it is you live or die. In the realm  in which we live is a prospectus prospectant of prospectantin which all will ensue. To change the prospectus prospectus you need to look to the  realm and see what the prospectus prospectant is and manifest it to your own liking. My own purpose of existance was to...Read More
The conclusive conclusion
Posted by Bling King

In all actual reality the realm is manifested of certain procedural procedures that come forth frequently to forthrightous forthrightenous. In the place of predicament I have found that I can properly place things in the procedural sequence unbenowst to people of the realm. In order to conflict the conflictions you have to equate the equation of equationalness in to proper equations. Very simple but also very tedious. You do this by equating the equation into percise preciseness. An example of an equation would be a placement of perdicament of a certain event in which you wish it to be. The next manifestation I could manifest is a manifestual manifestation of manifests of a sequance of certainal circumstances. Put together a sequence by asking the sequence in order to manifest itself and then tell the manifestations to happen in frequence in which they will unfold.

The Unattainable future
Posted by Bling King

If the future is a grain of sand and its falling through an hour glass nothing in the world can stop it. It will eniquivaocalby blind as to where its going when it comes to its rest it has befallen its fate and will remain where it lay for an eternity knowing nothing about itself or it's surroundings. I am that grain of sand. Nothing ever can change my destiny for only time here makes a diffrence.. To benounce the future is the only way to change ones fortune. The time it takes to make an equivical change remains the utmost mystery of the universe.

In the eyes of myself
Posted by Bling King

 

     There where three men. All who seemed frightened. They stood on the edge of the canyon looking on as a fourth man tumbled to his death. We could have saved him said one of the men. He should have saved himself said another. The third man just look at them bewildered and brought a handgun to his own head and pulled the trigger. Blood spattered. The two men watched as he slumped to the ground. The first man screamed and the second threw himself to the side of the man on the ground. Why?!! he screamed. It was the only sound heard. Sobbing he looked at the man standing and said you did this! You and your frigging righteous speech about the lives we leave and the sacrifice we must make. Your the devil. I am not the devil said the standing man only the truth. The truth about what? The other man screamed. Your life he said and he jumped.

The man heard a ringing and he sat up slowly. It was over the dream but his thoughts where still on the side of the canyon. How did this happen. How did it all just fade away? The dream came and went in an instant leaving his mind boggled and his eyes heavy. I knew I was there thought the man but how? It was all to familiar the thoughts of how it could happen and then suddenly be gone. If this ever...Read More

The story Elijah and Ellen
Posted by Bling King

     The story of Elijah and Ellan. This is the story of Elijah and Ellan. Ellan is a beutiful temptress and Elijah is a dutiful servant of Ellan's. Together the pair fell in love and soon became a duo of in excessible excession. They frolicked in the sun under the rare occurance of rain they took shelter in the arms of each other. One day while hiding from the glares of the sun under an oak tree that provided an abundance of shade they looked into each others souls and realized there where no people suited for each other then the two of them where suited for each other. They basked in the notion that they where the most two compatible souls on the planet. As they where thinking this a giant unforseen acclamaited acclamation occurred. The planet began to tremble and shake beneath them and the stars came out. The sun hid amongst the clouds and everything from start to finish began to take shape. There where huge explosions and giant surges of wind and rain. The two began to run for their shelter knowing at the exact moment the trembling and violent agressions of unacclaimated weather started that they most likely wouldn't make it to see another sunrise. The planet was exploding with molten lava and the tempertures where unbearable as for the two of them could remember they had never seen a winter climate and didn't expect they ever would. The planet had been...Read More

today was a day of dismal despair
Posted by Bling King

Things have gone down hill drastically now for a very long time. We seem to be some what defeated but yet i know we still have some power and prominance. We are fighting an up hill battle and there is no way forward from here from what i can see. We are trudging along a path that goes nowhere.

In a time of desilute despair
Posted by Bling King

 

There was a time when I was in desilute despair. The only thing I had was me myself and I to fall back on. I looked at the person who was my opponent and I knew one of  us was going to die and I was going to do everytrhing I could to make dam sure it wasn't me. I pulled my six shooter from its holster and aimed at the guy looking at me  about 30 yards away. He also went for his gun and in lightning speed he was laid sprawled out on the dirt bleeding and moaning. I had heard a shot but new that it had come from my own gun. He never even got a shot off. I was unscathed and again undeafeted. Anybody who ever tried to kill me was dead and their where over 30 who had tried and failed to kill yours truly.

Gravity
Posted by Bling King

Gravity is the force of nature that pulls cellestrial bodies toward one another. The cause of gravity is the enertia of a bodies movement through space and time. This happens by an object preconcievably traveling through the cosmos at an alarming rate of acceleration. The faster an object travels the more enertia it will build up and then will therefore have a greater ability to move. the more it moves the more other objects will cling to it. the way this can be proved is by taking an object and hurtling it towards another object the two objects would collide do to the enertia pulling them towards each other. Thy would not stay on their current trajectory but their paths would alter towards one another in a greater force than their initial gravitational pull. the best test to accomodate this theory would be tow baseballs flying through the air at speeds over one hundred miles an hour. The baseballs would not interject themselves with one another normally but at this speed would do so do to the balls enertia pulling them towards one another.

Time
Posted by Bling King

 

Time is the tell tale physics model that allows the distance between to linear points. To tell time is there and does in fact exist you must witness the distance between any two points change.If anything changes then time has been a factor. To change time without the physical world is impossible because if nothing changes time can not exist. If I changed time to a quicker pace the physical world would not allow it because time set on a scale like ours is already based on the amount the physical world can react. It is a concrete absolute fundamental that can not vary.If you traveled at the speed of light everything around you would slow cause you are moving at a constant pace with time. Therefore it would seem that less time would pass in actuality you have kept pace with time so everything around you has slowed where as you have actually sped up. The cause of time is based on the fact that to allow something to coexist their has to be some kind of reaction. Therefore time is an absolute must and must exist in every realm throughout the universe. Time and gravity relate by gravity allowing time to basically set its fundamental properties. Everything within gravity works at a certain time within a certain time.

The unexpected
Posted by Bling King

 

 

How many people did you expect to expect the unexpected when the unexpected was what was actually what to expect. If you had expected the unexpected you still wouldn't have ever known what was to come because the unexpected was so unexpected you couldn't have ever expected it.

The new world order
Posted by Bling King

 

 

There will be a manifestation of the realm in which we live when the world will become a more positive place to reside. When the world does manifest itself people will look to the person in charge and wonder why he has come into power. There will be only one explanation. There was a ruler of facets whom could look to the universe and see the realm for what it was. A place of deliberate decadence that was brought forth by a being of superior intelligence. In order for that realm to have a continual renewal of corvoidance in which it can be controlled there has to be an element of manipulation. This element can bring about the most evolutionary facets of distinguishable difference from even the norm in which we live. Once the element has been completely manipulated to bring forth a new provision, then the world in which we know will alter to the point of preponderance of persuasion of the person who has set forth the dialogue of distinguishable differences, that will evidently make the mark of the seclusion, from which we all have come to now as the normal normality, we have come to expect. Once this happens we will all see the governance of governance under his control. This is to be a new proponent that will be welcome by some and resented by others. Those who resent this have their reasons as do those who look to the changes...Read More

This website is powered by Spruz

Live Support