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List of Presidents of the United States

List of Presidents of the United States

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The White House, the president's official residence and center of the administration

Under the United States Constitution, the President of the United States is the head of state and head of government of the United States. As chief of the executive branch and head of the federal government as a whole, the presidency is the highest political office in the United States by influence and recognition. The president is also the commander-in-chief of the United States Armed Forces. The president is indirectly elected to a four-year term by an Electoral College (or by the House of Representatives should the Electoral College fail to award an absolute majority of votes to any person). Since the ratification of the Twenty-second Amendment to the United States Constitution in 1951, no person may be elected President more than twice, and no one who has served more than two years of a term to which someone else was elected may be elected more than once.[1] Upon the death, resignation, or removal from office of an incumbent President, the Vice President assumes the office. The President must be at least 35 years of age and a "natural born" citizen of the United States.

This list includes only those persons who were sworn into office as president following the ratification of the United States Constitution, which took effect on March 4, 1789. For American leaders before this ratification, see President of the Continental Congress.[2] The list does not include any Acting Presidents under the Twenty-fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution.

There have been 43 people sworn into office, and 44 presidencies, as Grover Cleveland served two non-consecutive terms and is counted chronologically as both the 22nd and 24th president. Of the individuals elected as president, four died in office of natural causes (William Henry Harrison,[3] Zachary Taylor,[4] Warren G. Harding,[5] and Franklin D. Roosevelt), four were assassinated (Abraham Lincoln,[6] James A. Garfield,[6][7] William McKinley,[8] and John F. Kennedy) and one resigned (Richard Nixon).[9]

George Washington, the first president, was inaugurated in 1789 after a unanimous vote of the Electoral College. William Henry Harrison spent the shortest time in office with 32 days in 1841, and Franklin D. Roosevelt spent the longest with over twelve years, but died shortly into his fourth term in 1945. He is the only president to serve more than two terms, and a constitutional amendment, affecting presidents after Harry Truman, was passed to limit the number of times an individual can be elected president. Andrew Jackson, the seventh president, was the first to be elected by men of all classes in 1828 after most laws barring non-land-owners from voting were repealed. Warren Harding was the first elected after women gained voting rights in 1920. History records four presidents – John Q Adams, Rutherford B. Hayes, Benjamin Harrison and George W. Bush – who lost the popular vote but assumed office. John F. Kennedy has been the only president of Roman Catholic faith, and the current president, Barack Obama, is the only African American president.[10]

Contents

List of presidents

Parties

      No party       Federalist       Democratic-Republican       Democratic       Whig       Republican

No.
[n 1]
President Took office Left office Party Term
[n 1]
Previous office Vice President
1 Gilbert Stuart, George Washington (Lansdowne portrait, 1796).jpg George Washington
(1732–1799)
[11][12][13]
April 30, 1789 March 4, 1797 Independent [14] 1 (1789) Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army (1775–1783)   John Adams
2 (1792)
2 Adamstrumbull.jpg John Adams
(1735–1826)
[15][16][17]
March 4, 1797 March 4, 1801 Federalist 3 (1796) Vice President   Thomas Jefferson
3 Thomas Jefferson by Rembrandt Peale, 1800.jpg Thomas Jefferson
(1743–1826)
[18][19][20]
March 4, 1801 March 4, 1809 Democratic-
Republican
4 (1800) Vice President   Aaron Burr
5 (1804)   George Clinton
4 James Madison.jpg James Madison
(1751–1836)
[21][22][23]
March 4, 1809 March 4, 1817 Democratic-
Republican
6 (1808) Secretary of State (1801–1809)   George Clinton[n 2]
March 4, 1809 – April 20, 1812
vacant[n 3]
April 20, 1812 – March 4, 1813
7 (1812)   Elbridge Gerry[n 2]
March 4, 1813 – November 23, 1814
vacant[n 3]
November 23, 1814 – March 4, 1817
5 James Monroe White House portrait 1819.gif James Monroe
(1758–1831)
[24][25][26]
March 4, 1817 March 4, 1825 Democratic-
Republican
8 (1816) Secretary of State (1811–1817)   Daniel D. Tompkins
9 (1820)
6 John Quincy Adams by GPA Healy, 1858.jpg John Quincy Adams
(1767–1848)
[27][28][29]
March 4, 1825 March 4, 1829 Democratic-
Republican
10 (1824) Secretary of State (1817–1825)   John C. Calhoun
7 Andrew jackson head.jpg Andrew Jackson
(1767–1845)
[30][31][32]
March 4, 1829 March 4, 1837 Democratic 11 (1828) U.S. Senator (1823–1825)   John C. Calhoun[n 4]
March 4, 1829 – December 28, 1832
vacant[n 3]
December 28, 1832 – March 4, 1833
12 (1832)   Martin Van Buren
8 MartinVanBuren.png Martin Van Buren
(1782–1862)
[33][34][35]
March 4, 1837 March 4, 1841 Democratic 13 (1836) Vice President   Richard Mentor Johnson
9 William Henry Harrison by James Reid Lambdin, 1835.jpg William Henry Harrison
(1773–1841)
[36][37][38]
March 4, 1841 April 4, 1841
[n 2]
Whig 14 (1840) Minister to Colombia (1828–1829)   John Tyler
10
[n 5]
WHOportTyler.jpg John Tyler
(1790–1862)
[39][40][41]
April 4, 1841 March 4, 1845 Whig
April 4, 1841 – September 13, 1841
Vice President vacant[n 3]
no party[n 6]
September 13, 1841 – March 4, 1845
11 James Knox Polk by GPA Healy, 1858.jpg James K. Polk
(1795–1849)
[42][43][44]
March 4, 1845 March 4, 1849 Democratic 15 (1844) Governor of Tennessee (1839–1841)   George M. Dallas
12 Zachary Taylor by Joseph Henry Bush, c1848.jpg Zachary Taylor
(1784–1850)
[45][46][47]
March 4, 1849 July 9, 1850
[n 2]
Whig 16 (1848) U.S. Army Major general   Millard Fillmore
13 Millard Fillmore by George PA Healy, 1857.jpg Millard Fillmore
(1800–1874)
[48][49][50]
July 9, 1850 March 4, 1853 Whig Vice President vacant[n 3]
14 Franklin Pierce by GPA Healy, 1858.jpg Franklin Pierce
(1804–1869)
[51][52][53]
March 4, 1853 March 4, 1857 Democratic 17 (1852) U.S. Senator (1837–1842)   William R. King[n 2]
March 4, 1853 – April 18, 1853
vacant[n 3]
April 18, 1853 – March 4, 1857
15 JamesBuchanan crop.jpg James Buchanan
(1791–1868)
[54][55][56]
March 4, 1857 March 4, 1861 Democratic 18 (1856) United States Minister to the United Kingdom (1853–1856)   John C. Breckinridge
16 AbrahamLincolnOilPainting1869Restored.jpg Abraham Lincoln
(1809–1865)
[57][58][59]
March 4, 1861 April 15, 1865
[n 7]
Republican 19 (1860) U.S. Representative (1847–1849)   Hannibal Hamlin
Republican
National Union[n 8]
20 (1864)   Andrew Johnson
17 Andrew Johnson portrait.jpg Andrew Johnson
(1808–1875)
[60][61][62]
April 15, 1865 March 4, 1869 Democratic
National Union;[n 8]
no party[n 9]
Vice President vacant
[n 3]
18 Ulysses S. Grant.jpg Ulysses S. Grant
(1822–1885)
[63][64][65]
March 4, 1869 March 4, 1877 Republican 21 (1868) Commanding General of the Army (1864–1869)   Schuyler Colfax
22 (1872)   Henry Wilson[n 2]
March 4, 1873 – November 22, 1875
vacant[n 3]
November 22, 1875 – March 4, 1877
19 Daniel Huntington - Rutherford Birchard Hayes - Google Art Project.jpg Rutherford B. Hayes
(1822–1893)
[66][67][68]
March 4, 1877 March 4, 1881 Republican 23 (1876) Governor of Ohio (1868–1872 & 1876–1877)   William A. Wheeler
20 James Garfield portrait.jpg James A. Garfield
(1831–1881)
[69][70][71]
March 4, 1881 September 19, 1881
[n 7]
Republican 24 (1880) U.S. Representative   Chester A. Arthur
21 Chester A Arthur by Daniel Huntington crop.jpeg Chester A. Arthur
(1829–1886)
[72][73][74]
September 19, 1881 March 4, 1885 Republican Vice President vacant[n 3]
22 Grover Cleveland portrait2.jpg Grover Cleveland
(1837–1908)
[75][76]
March 4, 1885 March 4, 1889 Democratic 25 (1884) Governor of New York (1883–1885)   Thomas A. Hendricks[n 2]
March 4, 1885 – November 25, 1885
vacant[n 3]
November 25, 1885 – March 4, 1889
23 Benjamin Harrison by Eastman Johnson (1895).jpg Benjamin Harrison
(1833–1901)
[77][78][79]
March 4, 1889 March 4, 1893 Republican 26 (1888) U.S. Senator (1881–1887)   Levi P. Morton
24 Grover Cleveland portrait2.jpg Grover Cleveland
(1837–1908)
[75][76]
March 4, 1893 March 4, 1897 Democratic 27 (1892) President (1885–1889)   Adlai Stevenson I
25 Official White House portrait of William McKinley.jpg William McKinley
(1843–1901)
[80][81][82]
March 4, 1897 September 14, 1901
[n 7]
Republican 28 (1896) Governor of Ohio (1892–1896)   Garret Hobart[n 2]
March 4, 1897 – November 21, 1899
vacant[n 3]
November 21, 1899 – March 4, 1901
29 (1900)   Theodore Roosevelt
26 TRSargent.jpg Theodore Roosevelt
(1858–1919)
[83][84][85]
September 14, 1901 March 4, 1909 Republican Vice President vacant[n 3]
30 (1904)   Charles W. Fairbanks
27 TaftOfficial Portrait.jpg William Howard Taft
(1857–1930)
[86][87][88]
March 4, 1909 March 4, 1913 Republican 31 (1908) Secretary of War (1904–1908)   James S. Sherman[n 2]
March 4, 1909 – October 30, 1912
vacant[n 3]
October 30, 1912 – March 4, 1913
28 Ww28.jpg Woodrow Wilson
(1856–1924)
[89][90][91]
March 4, 1913 March 4, 1921 Democratic 32 (1912) Governor of New Jersey (1911–1913)   Thomas R. Marshall
33 (1916)
29 Wh29.gif Warren G. Harding
(1865–1923)
[92][93][94]
March 4, 1921 August 2, 1923
[n 2]
Republican 34 (1920) U.S. Senator (1915–1921)   Calvin Coolidge
30 Calvin Coolidge.jpg Calvin Coolidge
(1872–1933)
[95][96][97]
August 2, 1923 March 4, 1929 Republican Vice President vacant[n 3]
35 (1924)   Charles G. Dawes
31 Herbert Clark Hoover by Greene, 1956.jpg Herbert Hoover
(1874–1964)
[98][99][100]
March 4, 1929 March 4, 1933 Republican 36 (1928) Secretary of Commerce (1921–1928)   Charles Curtis
32 Franklin Roosevelt - Presidential portrait.jpg Franklin D. Roosevelt
(1882–1945)
[101][102][103]
March 4, 1933 April 12, 1945
[n 2]
Democratic 37 (1932)
[n 10]
Governor of New York (1929–1932)   John Nance Garner
38 (1936)
39 (1940)   Henry A. Wallace
40 (1944)   Harry S. Truman
33 HarryTruman.jpg Harry S. Truman
(1884–1972)
[104][105][106]
April 12, 1945 January 20, 1953 Democratic Vice President vacant[n 3]
41 (1948)   Alben W. Barkley
34 Dwight D. Eisenhower, official Presidential portrait.jpg Dwight D. Eisenhower
(1890–1969)
[107][108][109]
January 20, 1953 January 20, 1961
[n 11]
Republican 42 (1952) Supreme Allied Commander Europe (1949–1952)   Richard Nixon
43 (1956)
35 John F Kennedy Official Portrait.jpg John F. Kennedy
(1917–1963)
[110][111][112]
January 20, 1961 November 22, 1963
[n 7]
Democratic 44 (1960) U.S. Senator (1953–1960)   Lyndon B. Johnson
36 Ljohnson.jpeg Lyndon B. Johnson
(1908–1973)
[113][114]
November 22, 1963 January 20, 1969 Democratic Vice President vacant[n 3]
45 (1964)   Hubert Humphrey
37 Richard Nixon - Presidential portrait.jpg Richard Nixon
(1913–1994)
[115][116][117]
January 20, 1969 August 9, 1974
[n 4]
Republican 46 (1968) Vice President (1953–1961)   Spiro Agnew[n 4]
January 20, 1969 – October 10, 1973
47 (1972)
vacant[n 3]
October 10, 1973 – December 6, 1973
  Gerald Ford
December 6, 1973 – August 9, 1974
38 Gerald Ford - Presidential portrait.jpg Gerald Ford
(1913–2006)
[118][119][120]
August 9, 1974 January 20, 1977 Republican Vice President vacant[n 3]
August 9, 1974 – December 19, 1974
  Nelson Rockefeller
December 19, 1974 – January 20, 1977
39 James E. Carter - portrait.jpg Jimmy Carter
(b.1924)
[121][122][123]
January 20, 1977 January 20, 1981 Democratic 48 (1976) Governor of Georgia (1971–1975)   Walter Mondale
40 Official Portrait of President Reagan 1981.jpg Ronald Reagan
(1911–2004)
[124][125][126]
January 20, 1981 January 20, 1989 Republican 49 (1980) Governor of California (1967–1975)   George H. W. Bush
50 (1984)
41 George H. W. Bush, President of the United States, 1989 official portrait.jpg George H. W. Bush
(b.1924)
[127][128][129]
January 20, 1989 January 20, 1993 Republican 51 (1988) Vice President   Dan Quayle
42 Bill Clinton.jpg Bill Clinton
(b.1946)
[130][131][132]
January 20, 1993 January 20, 2001 Democratic 52 (1992) Governor of Arkansas (1979–1981 & 1983–1992)   Al Gore
53 (1996)
43 George-W-Bush.jpeg George W. Bush
(b.1946)
[133][134][135]
January 20, 2001 January 20, 2009 Republican 54 (2000) Governor of Texas (1995–2000)   Dick Cheney
55 (2004)
44 President Barack Obama.jpg Barack Obama
(b.1961)
[136][137][138]
January 20, 2009 Incumbent Democratic 56 (2008) U.S. Senator (2005–2008)   Joe Biden
57 (2012)

 

Author:Bling King
Published:Feb 23rd 2013
Modified:Feb 23rd 2013

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